ENDEAVOR ENvironmental DEterminants of lifestyle behAViORs and risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases (WC2015-084)

ENDEAVOR ENvironmental DEterminants of lifestyle behAViORs and risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases

Background

Starting date: 01/11/2015

Lifestyle behaviors are important determinants of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, accounting for up to 30 to 40% of chronic disease cases. In order to improve lifestyle behaviors, knowledge of the environmental and personal determinants of unhealthy lifestyle is essential. Prevention programmes for chronic disease often target at the individual level, while the environment is regarded as an important influence on an individual's behaviors and healthy choices. The role of the potentially modifiable environmental factors in determining health behaviors, may lead to important new insights for and targets of interventions to reduce chronic disease risk. 

Consistent evidence on associations between environmental determinants and health outcomes is still lacking. Therefore the present study aims to identify environmental determinants that are associated with type 2 diabetes risk, longitudinally, and to investigate whether these associations are mediated or moderated by lifestyle factors.